Tuesday, January 1, 2019

Phrasal Verbs for Competitive Exam

Phrasal Verbs for Competitive Exam


Phrasal verbs for word H

hand * back + return Is the teacher going to hand back our tests today?

hand * down + pronounce formally. The president is going to hand his decision down on health care tonight.

hand * down + give as an inheritance. When my clothes got too small for me as a child, I handed them down to my sister.

hand * in + submit I have to hand in an offer by March 12.

hand * out + distribute We should hand the concert fliers out at school.

hand * over+ relinquish control of Hand your car keys over. You're too drunk to drive.

hang around + stay in a place for fun ( inf.)Maria and Salvador usually hang around the beach after school.

hang around stay in a place for fun Those guys just hang around all day.

hang * up + suspend (clothes on a hanger) You can hang your jacket up in the front closet.

hang up put down the telephone receiver Don't hang up.  I'm going to change phones.
hang out+ stay in a place for fun (inf.) Let's go hang out at the mall tonight.
hang out stay in a place for fun
What are you doing? - - I'm just hanging out.

have * on + wear
Do you have your hiking boots on?

have * over invite guests to your home
Why don't we have Mr. and Mrs. Jones over for dinner tonight?

hear from + receive news from (a letter, an e-mail) Have you heard from Steve lately?

hear of+ know about something or somebody Have you heard of chocolate covered ants?

hit on + find on accident
I hit on the idea while watching the Simpsons show.

hit on + flirt with Jay's friend Marc was trying to hit on my sister last night.

hold * back + restrain
The police held the demonstrators back while the politicians entered the building.

hold back not allow to advance in school
The teacher held Frank back a year so he couldn't enter fifth grade.

hold * off+ restrain Mr. Johnson held the dog off while we crossed the yard.

hold off on + delay We should hold off on making dinner until your parents arrive.

hold on grasp tightly
Hold on tight! The roller coaster is about to take off.

hold on tell someone to wait on the telephone Hold on a minute. I'll get Carol.

hold on to + grasp tightly
 Make sure you hold on to the hand rail as you walk down the stairs.

hold out not give in, continue to resist
Stop holding out and tell us where you found all of these old records.

hold out against+ not give in, resist They held out against enemy attack.

hold * up + delay (a flight, traffic);
The accident held traffic up for an hour.

hold * up + rob (a bank, a person) with a weapon Five men held the bank up yesterday.

Phrasal verbs for word I

iron   out eliminate
We need to have a meeting this week in order to iron out the distribution problems.

Phrasal verbs for word J

jack up + to raise
We need to jack up the car before we change the tire.

Joke around to be humorous
Mike is always joking around at work.

jump in enter a conversation
Feel free to jump in at any moment while we are talking.

jump to + make a quick, poorly thought out decision You shouldn't jump to conclusions.

Phrasal verbs for word K

Keep * around have handy, have accessible
I always keep a dictionary around to translate new words.

keep at + not give up (an activity), to persevere You should keep at your studies.

keep * away prevent access to, hold back Keep the kids away from the cookies.
keep * back maintain a safe distance, cause to maintain a safe distance
Keep back! The burning building is about to collapse.

keep * down not vomit, not throw up, keep in one's stomach If I ate that, I don't know if I could keep it down.

keep * in keep in a particular place, have something in a specific location
When I am not using it, I keep my passport in this drawer.

keep * off prevent from stepping or
Keep the cat off the couch. Climbing on to something

keep on continue
He kept on talking after everybody asked him to stop.

keep * out prevent from entering
Keep the dog out of the garden; he keeps digging up the flowers.

keep * over cover something with, put something above
I keep a tarp over my bicycle at night to prevent it from getting wet.

keep to + continue, persist in (an activity)
Everybody said she would never finish the puzzle, but she kept to it until it was done.

keep up stay on t
he required schedule You have to keep up if you want to work here.

keep * up + continue
You are doing a great job! Keep it up.

keep up with a + stay on schedule with (a person, the workload, homework)
I have so much reading that I can't keep up with the writing exercises.

Phrasal verbs for word L

layaway + save for the future
Why don't you lay away your wedding outfit?

lay down + establish (laws, rules)
Lori lays down the law in her class. English only!

lay in on + scold or criticize severely
My mom really laid in on me when I got home at 4:00 in the morning last night.

lay into + scold or criticize severely
I saw Reto's mom lay into him when he came home late last night.

lay * off + suspend someone from a job (during a slow period)
The company was losing money, so they had to lay off 100 workers.

lay * out + arrangeWhy don't we lay the pieces of the table out before we put it together.

leave * out+ not include, omit
Why did your parents leave you out of their vacation plans?

let * down disappoint
I felt let down when I didn't receive a birthday card from my sister.

let * down lengthen (pants in sewing)My uncle is a tailor so he can let your pants down.

let * out the release
I am happy my brother was let out of prison early.

let * out make bigger (in sewing)I need to let out this skirt because I have gained weight.

let up weaken in intensity
I told her NO a thousand times, but she won't let up.

lie down rest, recline
I need to lie down before we go out tonight.

lie down on + rest, recline ( on a couch, bed) I'm going to lie down on the sofa for a while.

lie with + be decided by Whether or not
you can go to the party lies with your father.

light * up + illuminate Let's get some candles to light this room up.

light up + to smoke
Do you have to light up another cigarette? I thought you were trying to cut down.

live * down + live in a way that a shameful or embarrassing event is forgotten
Jose will never live down singing that song at the karaoke bar.

live on + survive from
I could live on bread and cheese.

live up to + keep a standard
It would be hard to live up to her parent's expectations. They are so demanding.

look after+ take care of (a child, a house, a pet) When my sister goes on vacation, I look after her dog.

look back on + to remember nostalgically
When I look back on my childhood, I often feel angry.

look down on + see as inferior
She's so conceited. She looks down on everybody else.

look for + to seek or search for
I'm looking for my keys. Have you seen them?

look forward to + anticipate with pleasure
I am looking forward to traveling to New York next year.

look into + investigate
the police are looking into the murder.

look on observe as a spectator Everybody just looked on as the two men fought.

look out be careful, pay attention, heed a certain danger Look out, there's a black widow spider on the wall.

look * over + examine, review
When I'm camping, I took my shoes over before I put them on.

look * up+ search for (in a dictionary)
I take the time to look up new vocabulary words.

look * up+ locate and visit
If you ever travel to California, you should look me up.

look up to + respect, admire someone He looks up to his father.

Phrasal verbs for word M

make * out decipher
I can't make out your handwriting. What does this say?

make * out + write a check or other document
We make out succeed He really made out in the stock market last year.

make out progress How is your son making out in his new job? make out kiss passionately I saw Benno and Isabelle making out in the
movie theater last night!

make out with + kiss someone passionately Did you make out with Sally?

make * overdo again
The teacher made me do my homework over.

make * up + invent ( a story)
Don't believe anything she says. She always makes things up.

make * up + complete what was missed
Fortunately, my professor let me make up the exam I missed yesterday.

make * up + put on
cosmetics I take me 10 minutes to make my face up.

makeup reconcile
You two have been friends for so long that I think you should make up.

make up for + compensate for

Allen made up for being late by getting me flowers.
mix * up + confuse
I sometimes mix the verb tenses up.

mix * up + blend
We need to mix up these different kinds of nuts before we put them in a bowl.

mix * up + make lively (a party)
Let's mix up this party with a little disco music.

Phrasal verbs for word N

name * after + name a child using another family member's name I was named after my grandfather.

nod off fall asleep The movie was so boring that I nodded off before it was finished.

nose around + sneak around
I hate it when my mother noses around my room.

Phrasal verbs for word O

occur to + pop into one's mind, come to one's mind
It didn't occur to us that we had left the iron on.

open up share feelings I'm glad that John feels comfortable enough around me to open up.
out to + verb try to She is out to get revenge now that her husband left her for another woman.

Phrasal verbs for word P

pan out be successful, turn out
well, The trip to Vegas didn't pan out.

pass away die After battling cancer for several years, he finally passed away at the age of 87.

pass * off+ try to convince someone that something is real He tried to pass the fake watch off as a real Rolex.
pass * on + transmit
Please pass this message on to your co-workers.

pass on + not accept (an invitation to eat or do something) Jennifer passed on the invitation to join us for dinner.

pass on die I am afraid Professor Johnson has passed on.

pass * out + distribute
We need to pass out these flyers for the concert tomorrow.

pass out become unconscious
He passed out because the room was too hot.

pass * up + not take advantage (of an opportunity)
I can't believe she passed up the opportunity to study in Rome.

pay * back + repay
If I loan you money, will you pay me back? should I make this check out to?

pay * off+ complete payment on a debt
It took me ten years to pay off my credit card debt.

pay * off+ to bribe
Don't try to pay the police officer off if you get pulled over for speeding.

pick on + to tease, bully
She keeps picking on me! Make her stop.

pick * out + choose
Diane picked out a lovely dress for the dance.

pick * up + to lift an object with the hands
Keep your back straight when you lift the TV up.

pick * up + come and get someone in a car What time are you going to pick me up.

pick * up + learn something without effort
It's possible to pick up enough English in two weeks to get by on your trip to Los Angeles.

pick * up + try to initiate a relationship with someone (often in a bar)
Some weird guy tried to pick Patricia up at the bar.

pick up grow, increase (inf.)
Business is really picking up this quarter.

play * down make less important (inf.)
The President played down his affair with the intern.

play * up highlight something (inf.)
She played up her part in the new movie, but it was actually a very small

play up to + flatter someone for your personal advantage She has been playing up to the boss because she wants a promotion.

point * out+ indicate
I'd like to point out that the figures in column two might be outdated.

pull down earn
He pulls down about $300,000 a year.

pull in the park (a vehicle)
Mark pulled in too quickly and crashed into the wall.

pull out depart (a vehicle)
Our train pulls out at 8:00, so don't be late.

pull through barely survive
I didn't think she was going to make it, but she pulled through in the end.

put * across+ communicate (an idea or suggestion) clearly so that it is understood
 I thought Ms. Smith put her ideas across rather clearly in the meeting.

put * away + return to the proper place of storage I told you, kids, to put your toys away.

put * down + insult,
say bad things about She always puts down people who don't share her opinions.

put in + officially submit a request (in the armed forces or public services)
He put in for a transfer to the division in Los Angeles.

put * off + postpone
Don't put off your work - do it now!
put * on + wear make sure you put on a sweater before you go outside.

put * on + deceive
I didn't believe a thing he said. I think he was putting me on.

put * out+ extinguish (a fire)
Don't use water to put out a grease fire.

put * out+ inconvenience someone
I don't want to put you out, but could you pick me up at the airport.

put out + spend (usually used with unreasonably large sums of money)I can't put out that much money each month.
put * up have a guest stay in your house for a short time Can you put me up while I'm in town.

put up with + tolerate
Sandy will not put up with smoking in her house.

Phrasal verbs for word Q

quiet * down + be quiet or cause to be quiet
The neighbors told us to quiet down last night or they would call the police.

Phrasal verbs for word R

read up on + research a topic for a reason
I need to read up on the company before I go on the job interview.

ring * up the telephone
Jack rung me up last night at 3:00 in the morning.

rule * out + eliminate
I wouldn't rule out the possibility of moving to another country if I get a good job offer.
run across + find or meet unexpectedly
I ran across some old photos while I was cleaning my house.

run against+ compete in an election
Gore ran against Bush in the 2000 elections in the U.S.A.

run away leave home permanently before you are a legal adult The child ran away because her parents beat her.

run away from + escape from
The child ran away from its parents.

run * down trace
Have you run down those phone numbers I asked for last week?

run * down criticize
My boss runs everyone down.

run * down hit with a car
My dog was run down by a bus.

run down loose power,
be very tired You need to wind your watch so it doesn't run down.

run for the + campaign for a government position Gore is running for president of the U.S.A.

run into + meet unexpectedly
I ran into my English teacher at the movies last night. She's so nice!

run * off + make leave
The new government is trying to run the drug traffickers off.

run * off reproduce (photocopies)
Would you mind running off 10 copies of this document for me?

runoff  leave quickly
Why did you run off after the party?

runoff  wastewater
You shouldn't swim where the sewage runs off into the ocean.

run out of + not have any more of something
We ran out of milk this morning, so we need to go to the store.

Phrasal verbs for word S

save * up + accumulate (money)
I hope I will be able to save up enough money to go to school.

see about+ arrange or consider something
My dad said he was going to see about buying me a car.

see * off say goodbye to someone at the beginning of their trip (at the airport, train station)
Did you see your sister off at the train station?

see to + make sure something happens, arrange I'll see to it that Mr. Ramirez gets your message.

see * through finish something despite difficulties
Are you going to be able to see your studies through now that you have a baby?

sell * out tell on someone partner in crime sold me out for a reduced jail sentence.

set * up arrange a relationship My mom set me up with her friend's son.

set * up falsely incriminate a person I don't think he killed those men.
Somebody set him up.

set up + arrange (an appointment, a meeting,etc.)
I set up an appointment with my doctor at 3:30 this afternoon.

settle on + make a decision after a period of time I settled on the job at the oil company.

settle up pay one's debts
We need to settle up before you move.

show * off + show to everybody with a lot of pride He always shows off his new things.

show off   boast, draw attention to oneself Young boys show off in order to
impress girls.

show * up make someone seem inferior
He's always trying to show up his co-workers in order to get ahead.

show up arrive without previous notice
I hadn't seen my cousin for years, and all of a sudden, he showed up at my workplace yesterday!

shut * off stop from functioning
If you don't pay your electric bill, your power is going to get shut off.

shut * up make quiet
Would someone shut him up! He's talking so loudly that we're going to get in trouble.

slow * down + make move more slowly Because Mary's level in English is
lower than the rest of the students, she slows the class down.

slow * up + make move more slowly Because
Mary's level in English is lower than the rest of the students, she slows the class up.

spell * out + to explain something in a detailed way so that the meaning is clearly understood
He's so stupid that you have to spell everything out for him.

stand by wait
I need you to stand by and answer the phone when my broker calls.

stand for + represent
SCUBA stands for "self-contained underwater breathing apparatus."

stand for + tolerate
I won't stand for people criticizing me.

stand out be very noticeable
Soledad is so beautiful! She really stands out in a crowd.

stand * up not arrive at a date or an appointment (inf.)
I arranged to meet Joe at the library at 8:00, but he stood me up. I hope he has a good excuse.

stand up for + defend (something one believes in)
Every individual must stand up for what they believe in.

stand up to + defend oneself against someone or something
I think you should stand up to your older brother and tell him to stop pushing you around.

stay overspend the night at a person's house It takes you so long to take the bus home, so why don't you just stay over?

stick it to + severely criticize a person (inf.)
My boss really stuck it to me when I arrived late to work for the third time this week.

stick to + persevere, keep trying
Even though English is a hard language to master, you must stick to it!

stick up for + defend oneself or opinions Joseph joined the army because of he
believes he must stick up for his country.

Phrasal verbs for word T

Take after + resemble a parent or relative I take after my father. Who do you take after?
Take * away + remove, seize or capture The soldiers took the captives away.

Take * back + retract something
You said I demand that you take back what you said.

Take * back + to return an item to a store
The dress my grandmother bought for me didn't fit, so I took it back and exchanged it for a pair of pants.

Take * down + write down what is said
Would you mind taking down my messages while I am on vacation?

Take * down + to remove (from a high place)The city government made the shop take down their bright, neon sign.

Take * for considering, view as Do you take me for an idiot?

Take * in + learning Are you taking in all of these phrasal verbs?

Take * in + deceive a person
He was taken in by the con artist.

Take * in + to make smaller
when sewing I lost weight, so I need to take some of my skirts to the tailor to have them taken in.

Take * off when a plane or rocket leaves the ground My stomach felt funny when the plane took off.

Take * off+ remove In many cultures,
it is appropriate to take off your shoes when entering a house.

Take * off+ leave work or school for a period of time I was sick last week, so I took a few days off of work.

Take off leave We took off after dinner.

Take on + accept (responsibilities, work)

She has taken on too much responsibility in this project.

Take * over + take control ofWho is going to take over the family business when Aretha's father dies?

Take overtake control of
If the President is assassinated, the Vice-president will take over.

Take * out+ accompany a person on a date (for dinner, the movies) I can't meet you tonight because I am taking Fernanda out to dinner.

Take * up + begin a new hobby
Have you taken up any new hobbies since you moved here?

Take * up + discuss (at a later date)
We should take this issue up at the meeting tomorrow.

Take * up + shorten a garment when sewing This dress is too long, I am going to take it up.

Take up + occupy space This couch takes up too much space in the living room.

Talkback responds in an impolite way to an adult Don't talk back!

Talk back to + respond in an impolite way to an adult Children should not talk back to their parents.

Talk * over + discuss I hope my parents talk their relationship problems over before they get divorced.

Tear * down + destroy
The county decided to tear down the dilapidated school and build a new one.

Tear * up + tear or rip into small pieces
I always tear up my personal papers before I throw them out.

Tell * off + criticize a person severely, reprimand (inf.)
 Carolina told me off when she found out I was gossiping about her date with Martin.

Tell on a + report a crime to the police or bad behavior to a parent Every time I did something wrong when I was a child, my sister would tell on me.

Think * over+ consider Think over the offer before you sign the contract.

Think * through + consider carefully
You need to think this through carefully before you make a decision.

Think * up + create or invent a false story
I need to think up an excuse for not going to her party.

Throw * away + discard Don't throw away those bottles; we can recycle them.

Throw * out+ discard
I asked him not to throw out the Sunday newspaper because I wanted to save an article.

Throw * out+ remove by force from (a room, school, a house, etc.) Mary threw out her roommate because she stopped paying rent.

Throw up vomit If you drink too much alcohol, you might throw up.

Tie * up + tie securely
When we dock, make sure you tie the boat up.

Tire * out cause someone to be very tired Speaking English all day tires me out.

Touch on + talk about for a short time
The presidential candidates touched on the subject of health care during the debates.

Touch * up making the final improvementsWe didn't paint the whole kitchen, we just touched up the cabinets.

Try * on + put on to make sure a piece of clothing fits Try on the pants before you buy them.
Try * out test Try out this massage chair - it feels great!

Turn * away refuse to deal with or give service
They turned us away at the border because we didn't have visas.

Turn * around change or reverse direction Turn the car around and go back home.

Turn * down + refuse an offer; reject an application
She turned down the new job in New York because she didn't want to move.

Turn * down + lower the volume or intensity of a TV, radio, or another machine
I'm studying! Please turn down the TV.

turn * in submit
You need to turn your essays next week.

turn in go to bed (inf.)
It's getting late. I think it is about time to turn in.

turn into + become something different, transform
When she kissed the frog, it turned into a handsome prince.

turn * off+ stop the function of (a stove, a water faucet, a car, etc.) Don't forget to turn off the iron before you leave the house.

turn on + attack unexpectedly
The pit bull suddenly turned on the small child.

turn * on + start the function of a TV, a radio, a machine Turn on the TV. The baseball game starts in a few minutes.

turn * out produceThe weavers can turn out two or three rugs a month.

turn * out switch off a light Turn out the light before you go to bed.

turn out audience
members to a function Over 100,000 people turned out for the concert.
turn out end up being
She turned out to be the murderer after all.

turn * over give to authorities (said of evidence or stolen/lost property)
They turned the wallet over to the police.

turn * up + increase the volume or Intensity of a TV, radio, or another machine
Turn up the TV. I can't hear what they're saying.

turn up find unexpectedly
My keys turned up in the bedroom.

Phrasal verbs for word U

use * up use all of something
I used up all of the soap, so we need to buy some more.

Phrasal verbs for word V
veer away from + stay away from, avoid
I veer away from the same old summer blockbuster films.

Phrasal verbs for word W

wait on + serve, service (a table) Each waitress waits on three different
tables in the restaurant.

wait up for + not sleep because you are waiting for someone or something
Let's wait up for Mary to see how her date went.

wake * up + awaken someone The car alarm woke me up at 6:00 in the morning.

wake up awaken Wake up. It's time to get ready for work.

wash up clean oneself Make sure you wash up before dinner.

wash * up + clean If we work together, we can wash the kitchen up in a few minutes.

watch out be careful Watch out - there's a rattlesnake!

watch out for + be careful of Watch out for snakes while you are hiking in the desert.

wear off disappear after a period of time The effects of the medicine will wear
off after a few hours.

wear * out use until something is not usable anymore
If you wear the same shoes every day, you'll wear them out.

wear * out cause to be very tired Her three kids wore me out.

wind up + finish (inf.)If he doesn't get his act together, he is going to wind up in jail.

wind * up + tighten the spring of a watch or similar machine He wound up the toy dog and set it on the floor.

wind * up + cause an animal or a child to behave wildly
The kids always get wound up when Uncle Henry comes over.
wipe * out a + massacre or destroy The tidal wave wiped out the small fishing village.

wipe * out cause to be very tired After surfing all day, I was completely wiped out.

work * out + solve I hope you two can work out your problems. work out the exercise I work out three times a week at the fitness center.

work out be successful I am glad your new catering business is working out.

write * down + record Write down the directions so you don't forget them.

write * out + write down every word or letter
He wrote out the lyrics so I could understand what the singer was saying.

write * up + prepare a report
He wrote up a business proposal in order to get a loan.

Phrasal verbs for word Y      

yak on to continue talking in an annoying way ("on" can be repeated for emphasis)
He just yakked on and on and on.

yak on about+ to continue talking in an annoying way about something ("on" can be repeated for emphasis)She just yakked on and on about her husband's new job.

yammer on to talk in an annoying way or complain ("on" can be repeated for emphasis)
They yammered on and on and on.

yammer on about + to talk in an annoying way about something or complain about ("on" can be repeated for emphasis) He just yammered on and on about how horrible the waiter was

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