Friday, November 30, 2018

Most common Group Discussion Topics

Group Discussion Topics

(1) Naxalism (Group-Discussion-Topics)

group-discussion-topics
group-discussion-topics


Naxalism started in 1967 as a socio-economic movement dedicated to the upliftment of the tribal people. But over the years, even some political parties in India have built stakes in the movement turning it to be a means of gaining political power.

  • Naxalism started in West Bengal but now it has spread of UP and Chhattisgarh, parts of Uttaranchal and North East too. The worst affected regions being Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, and Chhattisgarh.
  • Many people have died due to Naxalite attacks. Public figures including wealthy businessmen and political leaders have been abducted and held on ransom by Naxalites.
  • However, what is more, important and worrisome is the fact that unemployed youth are easily lured into this movement.
  • Lack of jobs and anger against the government are two major reasons that lead Indian youth living in these regions towards Naxalism.
  • As a long-term plan, the government needs to create more and more jobs in the worst affected regions.
  • As a short-term plan, the government must shake hands with local non-government organizations to spread awareness against Naxalites. Youth must be made aware of the long-term consequences of joining the movement.


TIP:
Conclude with saying that Naxalism is an angry movement and it can be dealt with patience and concern towards the youth.

(2) Importance of Sex Education in our country (Group-Discussion-Topics)

group-discussion-topics
group-discussion-topics


Sex Education today has become a dire need, given the sport in sex-related crimes, especially with children and teenagers. Most of these crimes go unreported due to lack of awareness and education. Some points-

  • Sex Education will help the children develop a healthy and more scientific attitude towards sex.

  • This kind of education will help the girls know that they have the right to say NO when they are forced into any kind of sexual activity.
  • This education will also develop a healthy attitude among boys and help them understand that women are not for consumption or they are not objects of sex, but equal partners in a mutually agreed act.
  • Part of the problem in our culture is instead of facing sex issues, we suppress them that in turn creates a distorted view of sex among children and youth.
  • Due to lack of information, this section resorts to porn and other unhealthy means of getting information. They may get a dangerous or perverted view of sex, that may lead to psychological problems or crimes in the future.
  • Rapes, domestic violence against girls, sexual abuse in the family etc are issues that should force the government to take a positive stance over sex education. 
  • If we try to suppress sex-related information, our children would get the wrong idea that sex is unhealthy, which in turn will trigger their curiosity
  • Sex Education can be imparted to girls and boys in co-ed schools separately to eliminate the matter of embarrassment.

TIP: Quote the latest figure of rape and domestic violence against adolescents to emphasize your points.

(3)Terrorism (Group-Discussion-Topics)

 After corruption, if there is one problem that India has still been struggling with over many decades, it is terrorism. India today is an easy target of terrorists, given the glaring lapses in the general security of the country. India also becomes easy prey due to its diversity in religion and culture.
  • There are many causes of growing terrorism in India. One of the major causes of poverty and unemployment. Unemployed and frustrated youth are lured towards terrorist organizations and mafia.
  • Another cause is the lethargic approach of the government towards the poor and the depraved.
  • Terrorism is also growing due to a large number of inequalities in terms of caste, class, religion, education etc.
  • India has never been the safest country and no government has ever tried to make efforts in this direction to solve the safety problem permanently.
  • The only solution lies with the government to create jobs and take stronger steps towards employment of the youth. It is very important to engage the youth in creative and constructive employment.
  • The government needs to increase the general security of the country by implementing measures at public places, railway stations, bus stations and in public transport.
  • Religious fundamentalism must be discouraged to a great extent. Fundamentalists are easily corrupted and can be lured into terrorism. The government needs an anti-fundamentalism law.
  • Stricter laws must be formulated in terms of religious fanatism.

(4) Rape cases on the rise (Group-Discussion-Topics)

Either there is a sudden spurt in rape cases or a rise in reporting of rape cases. Either way, it has suddenly raised a lot of questions on the security of women in India and the stand of Indian society in general. Let's see some points –
  • Women are normally viewed as objects of consumption by men in India. The whole gender discrimination begins right from childhood and it is deeply rooted in our culture.

  • The general response of any Indian to a rape victim is asking her to keep it shut. As a result, while the rape victim lives in insecurity, the culprits get a message – it is okay to rape.
  • The Anti-rape laws are not strict enough. If they are strict, they are never implemented strictly.
  • The culprits get the best lawyers, the victims get government-appointed lawyers who are so loaded with cases that they have hardly any time to study the case on advance.
  • The social stigma for a rape victim is the worst. She gets a social punishment for no fault of hers.
  • Parents of the victim also mostly have a tendency of blaming their daughters. Or they are too scared to report out of social norms.
  • First, the laws need to be implemented more stringently.
  • The punishment of a rape culprit must be as long as 15 years imprisonment or death sentence in case of brutality.
  • Schools must educate boys to learn to respect women. Mothers must inculcate habits of mutual respect among children.
  • Girls must be trained in self-defense in schools and must be made aware of sexual abuses. 

(5) Is privatization an answer to the problem of corruption? (Group-Discussion-Topics)

group-discussion-topics
group-discussion-topics


If every government department is privatized, would it change the system? Would it help to bring about more accountability? There can be many arguments that can be put forth in favor of or against this topic. Let's see some-


Why privatization is good?


  • Privatization is about making the profit, hence, the sole goal of any department would be to generate revenues. As a result, private companies will make employees work more efficiently.
  • This would bring about more accountability since revenue-generation would also compel people to think about completing their targets.
  • Government employees would become more competent. They would think of solving complaints, settling disputes since they would have a stricter authority.
  • It would lead to problem-solving across all public sector institutions since private players would instill stricter policies for getting things done.
  • Complaints, conflicts, disputes, registrations, etc would be done on time and delivered on time.

Why privatization is bad?


  • Corruption is possible even in private companies. The employees who are corrupt under the government can find a way to generate extra income even in a private set-up.
  • The common man would still suffer since the cost of services would go up. Private companies are driven by the sole objective of revenue generation.
  • Since most services would not be affordable, the problem of corruption would rise again.
  • Many existing employees in government organizations may lose their jobs based on their competence. This would add to unemployment.
  • Private companies controlling government undertaking is dangerous in the national interest since private businessmen and industrialists would exploit them to serve their own interests.

What should be done?


  • Instead of privatization, the government needs to create a corruption-proof system.
  • It should follow the methods adopted by private companies to bring in the efficiency of their work.
  • Stricter anti-corruption laws will make the system foolproof.

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